Semi Monthly Organ of the Opposition Group in the Workers (Communist) Party of America It is necessary that evuy. e member of the Party should study calmly and with the greatest objectivity, ﬁrstthc substance of the differences of opinion, and then the development of the struggles within the Party. Neither the one nor the other can be done unlms the documents of both sides are published. He who takes somebody word for it is a hopeless idiot, ILITANT Who can be disposed of with a simple gesture of the haud. Lenin VOL. NO.
NEW YORK, DECEMBER 15, 1928. Baler. CEN S The July Plenum and the Right Danger short few weeks ago, the official Party press carried the first stories from Moscow about the opening of a new struggle within the These stories revealed that the struggle between the Right wing (Rykov Toinsky) and the Center (Stalin. with Bucharin playing the customary buft fer rolrt, could no longcr be concealed behind the Bureau of and had broken out in the Moscow and other organi1 rations of the Party, Where advance scouts for the Right wing had been pro!
gaming in the lower units of the Party the policies already proposed by Rykow The dispatches in the Party press, however, throw no light on the actual situation and l l Tomskeralinin in the Political Bureau. t The entire course of the present developments predicted with amazing precision by comrade Trotsky in his platform as far back as thc 15th Party Congrcss (1917) and in the following suppressed arti HE report read by Rykov on july 13 at the meeting of the Nloscow Party workers on the. outcome of the July Plenum of the Central Corn mittcci was an event of capital political importance.
Here was expounded the program of the most authoritativerepresentative of the right wing, carryinghis banner to the tribune if not entirely unfurled, at least half way. In his report Rykov did not pause an instant upon the program of the Com munist International; he did not cven mention it.
He devoted his speech exclusively to the question of the grain collections. Moreover it is not with out good reason that his report was delivered in the. tone of a victor. The Right has issued entirely victorious from its first skirmish with the Center, afterfour or five months of left politics. The July Plenum of the Contra Committee marks the. ﬁrst vicqumStalm, gainedvtolbcusure. tli the cbriscnto Eli (litter. Themcss ential idca of Rylto s report is that the svvcrve towards the left which occurred in February was only at episode due to extraordinary circumstances, that this episode ought to be buried and forgomm, that we must also lay on the shelf not ly Ar ticlc 107, but also what appeared. in Pram! n: February, that we must abandon the formcrc ourse and turn not to the left but to the right and that the more brusquely this is done the better; 0 clear the road Rykov ack»
nowlcdged (he would not do otherwise before the accusing facts) three of his small errors: First, at the moment when the crisis arose judged it to be less profound than it really was; but, second, thought that thanks to extraordinary measures we would succeed in overcoming completely this crisis of grain supply. We did not succeed. Third, hoped that the whole campaign of grain collection would be carried on in reliance on the poor peasant, and maintaining in perfect stability our union with the masses of middle peasants. Upon this point also was misralren.
Now this whole crisis of grain supply, with all the political phenomena which accompanied it, was foreseen by the opposition in its counter theses, which showed Rykov accurately all that he did not comprehend and did not foresee. It was just in order to avoid tardy and exaggerated administrative measures, adopted in liastcﬁmd without coordina tion, that the Opposition proposed in good season a forced loan of grain from the rich elements of. the villages. To be sure this measure also was an exceptional one. The entire preceding policy had made exceptional measures inevitable. If the loan bad beentmadc methodically and soon enough, that would have reduced to a. minimum these adminis trative excesses, Which are too high a payment for I) Die Plenum ol thc Central Com of 22: C. was held in July lQZS,. was devoted to uomic difficulties and to the Congress of the International, which was to convene immtdiztcly alter. bitter struggle arose at this Plenum. or more exactly behind the scenes of the Plenum. between the Stalin and Rykov factions.
As appears later, it was in the Right which carried the day, with Rykov and Bucharin at its head.
2) Aniclc 107 of the Penal Code deals with the struggle against speculation and the fraudulent concealment 07 surplus mcrcliandizc.
This article was widely applied last, Spring as an cxtmordinary measure for rtquisitioning grain lmm the peasants.
3) This refers to the Counter»the:es. which the Opposition opposed to the official lllescs pmsented by LheCcniral Committee at the 15th Congress of the Party. Time Counremheses, which appeared at the lime in rlie discussion supplement oi Prawn. were devoted to questions of Party policy in the country and the liverycar plan or the dcvclopmen: oi. industry.
4). Foreseeing the imminent crisis of grain boarding, the Opposi, ion proposed in its platform, a forced Joan. of train. mm the rich elements of the villages which should yield 150, 000, 000 200, 000, 000 puds.
curtains of the Political the real issue at stake.
in the was By TROTSKY very slight material results. Measuresof admin istrative violence do not belong to a correct course.
They are the pricewc pay for an incorrect one.
The attempt of Rykov to attribute to die Opposition a tendency to ctcmalize thcsc proceduresri hr Ryizov, derived from the period of Military Communism. ispurcly and simply ridiculous. From the vcry first the Opposition considered these pctquisitions in the country, the rq establishmcnt of flying, squadrons, etc, not as the beginning of a new course but as the failure of the old. Article 107 on hoarding is not an instrument of a Leninist policy, itis one of the crutches of the Rylrov policy. In, trying some» razivc.
scmias a progﬂm. the Oppnsition admi measures of e gnomid disorganiZation lor winch rho is himself cnnrciyrcspdnsiblc, Rykov is. behaving as all pctty bourgcois politicians do; for they always in such a situation stir up the peasant. against the Communist by depicting the latter as abandit and an cxpropriator.
What is the significance of the change of course in February? It was an acknowledgement vof the lagging of industry, of the threatening class differentiation in the country, and of the cxtrtme Kulak nun nun uunuu uu ununu unu u u uuclc writtcn in July of this year. Just as Stalin fruitlessly attempted to deny the existence of a Right danger, as analyzed by Trotsky then, so he trying to deny the. existence of this danger in the Political Bureau (Rx 20v, etc. and continues to lull the membership of the and the Com!
intern into a false security.
lutely correct when it was written, and is even more correct now. it throws a penetrating searchlight upon the present situation within the Sowct Union Party, exposes the inexorable class forces rcprescnted by the contending groups, and proves again the irrefutable accuracy of the predictions and p301 gram of the Leninist Opposition. This article was scnt to the Sixth Congress of the Communist International but was not distributed to the delegates. is printed here for the first time in English. Otbcz suppressed doc ozn equal importance will bc printed in subscqucnt issues of Thc Militant.
o The article of Trotsky printed below was abso danger. What should we deduce from it in order to establish the new line of conduct? change in the distribution of the national income which should divert to the industries a part of what had gone to the Kulak, thereby diverting it from capitalism to wards socialism, and accelerating the development of both light and heavy industry. Contrary an the article which appeared in February in Pravda (which merely repeated in this question the argu ments of the Opposition) Rykov discovered the cause of the collection crisis, not in the lagging of the development of industry butiin that of agriculv ture. To offer such an explanation is to make fun of the Partyrand of the workingcclass. It is to deceive the Party in order to accomplish a swerve to therjght. his the old way of posing this quies4tion. in the. manner of the Ustrialov professom. his perfectly obvious. that our agriculture is inca hercnt, scattered, backward, that it has a barbarous character, and that this backwardncss isthc mental cause of all the. difficulties But to (ism on this basis, as Rykoy docs, a diversion of the iii.
dial resources due to industry towards mac individual peasant estate, is to Choose not only the bourgcois road but the road of the agrarian bourgeoisie, of the reactionary bourgeoisie. It is to become a Soviet CONTINUED ON NEXT PAGE nun nunnun u. unuun uumunvn GANGSTERl SM!
On blonday evening, December 10th, two women comrades, Maria Reinl rand Pauline Gutringcr, who were selling The Militant on the sidewalk in front of the Workers Center on Union Square, New York City, were set upon by an organized squad which had been detailed to cxccutc the slogan given out by Party officials to prevent the sale of The lililitant at all, costs and beat up the Oppositionists. Get out of here, you counter revolutionary prostitutes! This and similarcommands, mixed with unprintable Obscenities, were hurled at the two work ing class women before a crowd of scvcralhundrcd which quickly gathered Screaming epithets and calling the womcn com radcs every name in the vocabularylof the under world, they seized the two comradcs by the armsand began to push them away. The Communist women resisted and stoodtheir ground. The paperswerc torn from their hands. Comrade Rein attempted to recover some of the papers and received a fist blow in the face.
The police appeared and inmedioe ly seized tin: tum women leaving their attackers unmolcsted. The (no Communist women, who had attempted to sell The Militant on the sidewalk were then forcibly driven away by the police.
These events are the direct result of a planncd campaign of incitement by Party officialsxwho themselves never yet took part in a fight and who lackcd cvcnthe courage to participate inxtlierattack on the women comrades. Wolfe, who ran away fmm the Party like a rcravcn during the Palmer raids. arid also after the Bridgemanﬁraid, directly incited to physical violence against the Opposition in his speech at the Workers Forum on November 25. Dr. Mar ltoff in his speech to the Italian Party membership meeting on November 28 said. Thc Oppositionists are worse than Mussolini and his Fascists. by: must beat them politically and physically. Party, comrades have been directly instructed by such functionaries as Miller and Benjamin that they must not speak to the members of the Opposition but should spit upon them. More than thanphysical assaults» against comrades attempting to scll The Nlilitant on the streets, have been directly discusscd and planned in committee meetings of the Party in the New York district, where every kind of bourgeois and anti Communist literature is freely sold in the Party book store.
The methods of violence which the bureaucrats are copying from the labor fakcrs are necessary only for a false policy. Thcir methods condemn their policy and will defeat it, for Communist ideas are stronger than the gangster fist.
None of the Foster comrades parricipatcd in the shameful gangster attack. It is primarily the price lctarian rcvolutionists in the Party ranks who must defeat this cause. They must burn the incipient Fascist tactics out of the Party with a white hot iron. They must compel a free discussion of the.
disputed questions in a normal Communist way.
For our part we will take up the challenge or gangstcrism incited and organized by poltroons who never yet took a blow on the picket line or inra raid.
Our task and duty is to reach the Communist workers with our views. Since we are deprived of our Party rights by expulsion and suppression we must do. this through The Militant. We will sell the. Militant before every workers institution and meetj ing. The rights of the revolutionary workers are higher than the rights of landlordism. We will maintain these rights by struggle. In this struggle our strength will be multiplied by steadfast belief in our views and by our courage to defend them.