WAY, MARCH 30, 1935 NEW mum with which in merged HILITANT Pam weekly by the Workers Party of the Wm 15th street, New York City Phone: AI onuuln 443068 :m as second class mail matter at the Post Oilice New York. under the act of March 3, 1819.
JAMES CANNON. llldltor HARRY HOWE. Associate Editor HAWTHORNE WINNER uslness Manager SUBSCRIPTION RATES: In the United States 00 per year: 650 six months.
Canada and Foreign: 50 per year; 00 six months.
Bundle ﬂutes: Two cents per copy.
Vol. W. on the Firing Line THE pages of this issue of the New Militant are alive with direct reports of labor action on many fronts. Everywhere the American workers are stirring. The third great strike wave under the New Deal is in the making. From all indications, the strikes breaking out in various parts of the country are simply preliminary skirmishes which presage the deeper and more widespread labor rebellion to come in the next few months. And what is of exceptional signiﬁcance in the situation is the active role of the members of the Workers Party in the struggles now under way and in the course of preparation. Our reports are not written in the ofﬁce; they come direct from the ﬁring line, from party members in the midst of the actions.
In the strikes at Los Angeles, Fargo and Toledo three of the hot spots at the moment party members are in the forefront, playing an active and, to a certain extent, a leading part. Our comrades are on the job at Akron where a great rubber strike impends. At St.
Louis they are busy in the preparations for a strike of gas workers. In cooperation with other progressive and militant forces they are leading the turbulent left wing movement in the Illinois coal ﬁelds. Party members are the mainspring of the Unemployed Leagues, the most imposing movement of the unemployed in the entire country which only recently held a state convention in Ohio with 4:00 bona ﬁde delegates.
This remarkable activity in the class struggle on so many fronts is a heartening sign of the times and a magniﬁcent prospect for the future. The party of revolutionary theory is revealing itself, from the start, as the party of action. That road will lead unfailingly to a rapidly increasing strength and expanding inﬂuence of our party. Clarity of principle and resolute, energetic action this combination is the formula for victory. Our activity under this sign during the ﬁrst period of the party existence has already brought gratifying results and has started the party on the right road. Nothing can stop us if we stick to this line.
SATURDAY, MARCH 30, 1935 No. 15 0 0 The Socialist Party Crisis IF THE Socialist Party is turning revolutionary, as some conscientious people believe and some conscious deceivers maintain, nothing happened at the Buffalo meeting of the National Executive Committee to support the contention. On the contrary, the leading body of the party demonstrated once again at Buffalo that it has sufﬁcient political aﬂinity with the reactionary Old Guard to overlook its splitting provocations and allow six weeks longer for a. reconciliation. At the same time the showed no less hostility to revolutionary ideas than that which animates the Old Guard itself.
And what else was to be expected from this body? The motion declaring the advocacy of the overthrow of capitalism by revolutionary means to be incompatible with membership in the party was not a reversal of position or a betrayal of principles previously held by the majority. The party leaders were simply reafﬁrming the Detroit Declaration as they understand it, and not as pseudo lefts and apologetic ex communists explain it. Louis Waldman, spokesman of the Old Guard and champion of bourgeois democratic socialism without one percent discount, branded the action of the as a capitulation to the Old Guard. That, however, is an unjust accusation. The left reformists in control of the National Committee only remained true to their own color by their motion to purge the party of the troublesome reds. Red is not their color.
What are they ﬁghting aboutP the perplexed and disappointed radical workers in the Socialist Party may well ask themselves. Not over principles, but rather over methods of coping with the radical sentiments of the socialist workers which have been given a powerful impetus by the debacle of social reformism in Europe and the sharpening class struggle in the United States. Not over roads to power in the struggle against capitalism the majority is no less devoted to democratic methods than the Old Guard but over power in the party. That is why the struggle against the Old Guard centers around organization questions and such abstractions as unity. the real political blows are directed against left wing tendencies in the party.
What is the political tendency of the dominant leaders of the party which is so extravagantly and so falsely advertised as the party of revolutionary unity. They have made it clear long ago for those who judge actions politically and report them honestly.
It was written in deeds once again at Buﬁalo.
The Oklahoma Guardian, that priceless representative of Detroit Declaration socialism, gives over its columns to a campaign for a third party to include Huey Long and the LaFollettes and carries articles from the facile pen of the democrat, Upton Sinclair. That is with the of the revolutionized party; there is no censure for Ameringer. The no Leader dares at this day, after Germany and Austria. to present the Scandinavian socialists in the governments of capitalist States as comrades in arms. There is not even a suggestion of criticism from the party leadership. But the ﬁve Buﬂ ulo party members, appealing to the against their expulsion, are cynically referred back to the State Executive Committee the very body which instigated their expulsion! And mention the appalling fact that there are people of Trotskyist. that is, revolutionary Marxist tendencies in the party as Oneal did accusingly at the meeting and Norman Thomas promptly retorts: Point them out to us and we will kick them out. In these acts of omission and commission the political tendency of the leaders of the party of revolutionary unity is revealed.
All this is not to deny that there are pro found political causes for the internal struggle in the Socialist Party. At the bottom of the whole conﬂict is the impulse of the proletarian and youth sections of the movement for a revolutionary policy. But these elements have not yet clearly formulated their program or found leaders worthy of their cause. That is why their sentiments can be exploited so shamelessly; that is why they are made into pawns of an unprincipled struggle for place and position.
The Buﬁ alo comedy warns the revolutionary elements again to formulate their own program and begin a real ﬁght on principled lines. Such a ﬁght will necessarily be directed against the present pseudo left majority of the as well as against their reformist kin of the Old Guard. It will reject out of hand the treacherous formula of unity with scoundrels, reformists and labor fakers masquerading as socialists. The ﬁrst plank in such a revolutionary program of the socialist workers will be: Revolutionary unity Break with reform ism and reformists and unite with the revoluv tionary forces of the Workers Party!
o o o o The Paradox of New York EW YORK CITY contains one of the greatest anachronisms of modern times.
It is at once the richest and poorest city in the land.
Here is concentrated the greatest wealth in all the universe.
Here are amassed. the croesus treasures of Rockefeller, Vanderbilt and Astor.
Here the 400 form an aristocracy as would make the kings and nobility of old green with envy.
Here lies the center of the Morgan empire whose money power holds the million masses of the world in its grip.
The capital of the United States is in truth in Wall Street and its symbol is the almighty dollar.
New York as is commonly known has the largest population of any metropolis in the world and the plutocratic 400 form but an infinitesmal portion of it. report by the Mayor Committee on Unemployment, of how the other half. the 5, 999, 600, live tells a ghastly tale of rich and poor, of have and have not. sane observer from Mars would rub his eyes with incredulity over this striking comparison. Here they are summarized: One million wage workers are unemployed.
One out of every three workers employed in New York in 1930 is unemployed.
With their wives, children and other dc pendents the grand total of those aﬂ ected by unemployment is 37 percent of the entire population of New York City.
Of the 666, 000 unemployed families only 245, 000 are on home relief.
Another 325, 000 stricken families haven applied or can get near the government dole.
Those on relief don live a kingly existence either EIGHT (8) cents is the allowance per person per meal.
It is therefore not unnatural that 18. percent of New York school children are sull ering from malnutrition. That is, one out of every ﬁve border on starvation.
And piling suffering on misery, the allowance for rent is so meager that 17 percent of the families on relief were using food money to keep from being evictEd.
New York is indeed the capital of the world in poverty as in wealth. This it is because it most graphically epitomizes capitalism itself.
Our news story on the Mayor report refers to a large section of the jobless as a reservoir of misery Let us add, a combustible reservoir of revolt. Imam Akron Labo Set for Siege (Continued from Page 1)
aid in crystallizing resentment against the companies. The memories of Toledo. not over 100 miles away, are still fresh in Akron workers minds. rapid increase in membership has heartened the unions and given them much additional strength.
While they are still far short of the number they had last year (over 70 of then. the long promised action is ﬁnding a warm welcome among the workers. One local alone reported 626 new members in the last two weeks.
Support of the organized auto workers has been pledged and union leaders declare that the of union in Detroit will walk out at the some time. Along with this. the rubberworkers will need the backing of all ormlaed labor throughout the country in the forthcoming snuggle. victory at Akron would greatly strengthen unionism throughout the country.
It in the duty oi! clamsdous workers everywhere to do their utmo sttohelpwlnthisstrlke. Our party at Akron has been prepared for the strike and will be In the forefront of the struggle.
ToledoinGrip of Strikes (Continued from Page 1)
a new high when the organized working clan comes out into the street to roar its deﬁance of the open shop bosses.
The sympathetic strike movement Is in the air. Several unions are standing by. waiting for the call to action. The Central Labor Union has met to consider a general strike. All of Toledo is tense with expectation and only the most stubborn resistance of the conservative leaders of the central bodies can stem the tide and then with the greatest diiﬁculty.
Toledo can touch off the powder keg that has been gathering with resentment over the malts of the New Deal since the last strike wave. Word has come that the Ohio Unemployed League plans to extend the FERA strike on a statewide scale, Bill Truax, President of the has addressed a letter to the State Federation of La»
bor asking that a joint action committeebe set up to initiate a state: wide strike on FERA projects. The demands of the in this proposed strike action adopted at its March 10 conference are: 00 per hour; the thirty hour week for common labor and the highest prevailing rate for skilled labor, and others which cover conditions of work.
As has been indicated above, the members are carrying on the tradition they established in the great Anttrthe strike. They are in the forefront of all activities, in the thick of the battle with scabs and gunmen and in leading posts in the action committees. They are giving the party a reputation that it well can be proud of. Members on Stand in Trial (Continued from Page 1)
of the proletariat, a soviet government, but only an abstract Workers and Farmers Government.
The honor of Communism was partially saved by the testimony of Jack Warnick and Caroline Decker.
War nick took a bold and uncompromising stand. He said that he had been among the lnstlgutors of the Workers School, that the workers must be organized and given a tlon for the proletarian revolution.
He stated that the workers would have to get this education in their own schools because, being a unlversity graduate himself. he knew they could never be anything but mlseducalfed in the capitalist controlled schools.
Decker took up a position much to the left of the others and even had the courage to mention that at a certain stage of the struggle soviets might be set up.
What is the cause of this miserable sbowln on the part of the defendants? It lies partly In the cowardly testimony of Sam Darcy, district organizer of the who testiﬁed as an expert on Com munism and laid down the line for the others. It also lies in the confusion in the minds of these members of the Communist Party as to what Communism really is. They were committed by tbs old party program to the policy of revolu tionary unions. of united fronts from below, of social fascism. of unemployed councils. and a central slogan of soviet power. But all of them know that there are no more revolutionary unions, no sodal he.
percent of the workers were in the, Starvation Faces Millions OfNew York Unemployed (Continued from Page 1)
beat. It also revealed that 24 percent of the families were crowded together so that there were more than two persons per room, excluding the kitchen. The rent allowance for 386 of these families was being supplemonm deﬁnitely from the food allowance. In other worth, 17 mount of the lamilles on relief were using money sorely needed for food to kem roof over their heads. In still other cases it was discovered that the family was meeting additional rent from boarders and part time earnings. Upon discovery of this fact the Home Relief Division proceeded to deduct such income from the family relief budget, thus making it necessary for more families to turn to the food allowances to make up the differences.
Thus resulting. although the report dou not mention it, in further malnutrition and sickness, demanding a larger food allowance, and in the end costing the Home Relief Bureau just as much as if they had origlally permitted the family to supplement in; relief allowance. But such an economy is far beyond the ability of the penny clutching representatives of capitalism who administer relief. The private agencies include a regular clothing allowance in their budgets which average 200 per year fora family of ﬁve. During the year 1934 the average Home Relief Bureau allowance for clothing was 16. 20.
Clothing Inadequate Month after month appropriations originally intended for clothing were subsequently assigned to meet the additional food and rent requirements of new families added to the rolls. Occasional and inadequate allowances for clothing work a particular hardship in families where there are small children who need clothing in order to attend school. survey or every Home Relief precinct in the city resulted in additional evidence that the Bureau has never been able to allow sumcient funds to cover even the barest necessities In clothing for either adults or children. The failure to provide clothing has been a vital factor in the breakdown of the morale of the unemployed. No man or woman can expect to remain employable or seek work if he is not decently clothed.
The report goes on. In summer the little food spoils for lack of ice. In winter the relief bureau falls to maintain a proper supply of coal. The misery and oppression rises in an overwhelming mountain.
There are 245, 000 families on relief now. There are at least 325, 000 more who will be forced on relief as the months pass.
This in New York City alone.
solidarity of the strikers will reach communist education in prenatml Only a Spark ls Needed (W il lln Past 1)
adherence to revolutionary Marxist principle reveals its patently enormous superiority over phrase mongering, lack of principle and playing with principle. It is in the struggle against imperialist war that the big parties and. the big institutions, built up on a weak or rotten foundation, crumple like a house of cards. c e o What can be expected of the Socialist Party in the form of leadership in the struggle against war? Worse than nothing! Right at this moment, when the sound of war drums become ominously louder, the parties of the Second International are preparing to play the same despicable part that made them so hated by class conscious workers during the war of 191491918. In the Scandinavian countries, the social democracy is in the government, taking over in advance the job of mobilizing the working class for the capitalist powers that be and restraining them from revolutionary action. In France, as in other so called non Fascist lands, the socal democracy is preparing to head the war recruiting drives under the slogan of Defend democracy against Hitler Fascism as the Allied social patriots of 1914 defended France and Russia from German Kaiserism and their Entente brothers under the skin defended Germany and Austria from Russian Czarism and Japanese au tocracy.
Blind also would be the worker who trusted to the Stalinist party to conduct an effective struggle against imperialist war.
The crew which has lost one battle after another, which has destroyed the revolutionary and labor movements in one country after another, which has made an art of capitulation, is hardly the one to lead a ﬁght under the conditions of war. The party which retired from the ﬁeld without the ﬁring of a shot when Hitler took over power, and which made such an ignominious showing in the battle of the Saar, will not prove to be a bit ablcr in a sterner test. The party which cannot think or act for itself, which is a mere puprpet of the Soviet foreign Oﬁice will not be able either to combat imperialist war or fulﬁll the elementary obligation of a class conscious proletarian: effectively defend the Soviet Union. The party which has already committed itself in part to the piratical League of Nations, and in whole to the misleading paciﬁst nonsense about disarma men as a preventive of war, will wilt and collapse at the ﬁrst serious moment. O C Now more than ever, therefore, must the basic principles of Marx and Lenin in the anti war struggle be emphasized. The imperialist war can be conducted only on the basis of revolutionary principle, of the consistently pursued class struggle.
All talk of ﬁghting imperialist war which does not proceed from the need of utilizing the crisis of the ruling class for the purpose of carrying the class war into its camp and ending the war by overthrowing the imperialist war mongers is so much wind. All talk of class war against imperialist war is so much more wind unless it is based upon a correct revolutionary policy of mobilizing the workers NOW, TODAY, in their every day battles, in their unions, in their strikes, for a growing movement against the capitalist enemy.
The struggle against capitalist war is an extension and enhancement of the struggle against capitalism not something apart from it. They will not ﬁght capitalist wars who do not NOW ﬁght capitalism and its labor lieutenants at every step in the road and that means the Socialist Party. They will not be able to ﬁght capitalist wars who are not NOW able to ﬁght capitalism and its labor lieutenants, who by their stupid and opportunist policies actually aid the latter to consolidate themselves and that means the Communist Party.
If the ﬁght against war demands a ﬁght in the class war today, then the latter demands a militant workingjclass party capable of organizing, coordinating, planning and carrying out this class war. The ﬁght against imperialist war, which now clouds the whole world horizon, boils down basically to the work of redoubling and multiplying tenfold all energies to build up the revolutionary party of the working class, the party of consistent Marxism, the Workers Party of the United States, and the Fourth International which it heralds.
the Townsend Pension groups.
Faced with an abrupt change of front like this the defendants only carried out discipline and went cism, no unemployed councils.
They all realize that the policy of the Communist Party in California is now a labor party based on Sinclair EPIC. on the Utopian, on along with the new line.
PAGE LEFT ll IIIJABS Bot rm Way It is our diil lcult privilege to be the torch bearers of ordered freedom in Europs cald Stanley Baldwin, actual leader of the British government. Why so modest! Why only Europe? How about India?
And Africa? And why forget the war to bring ordered freedom for the peddlers of opium and religion in China? Uriah Heep should have entered politics. He have been a great statesman, almost the equal of McDonald or Baldwin. U main. Hitler and Pm The mndon Times, commenting on the recent moves of Hitler, says. Though Hitler action in introducing conscrlptlon was most provocative, the deed has been accomnamed by words strongly expressive of peace. Whatever happens the statesmen of Europe are now at work in a new splri. That should be consoling to the cannon fodder!
Again the Times says: Germany is peaceminded in this sense. that she would rather get her way peacefully than by violence. In this sense a rattle snake is a verltable paciﬁst. U 11. am Engineer Tries a (lunch ck. Ex President Hoover breaks self imposed silence to defend fundamental American principles News items. This is the same guy who said in 1928 that if he was elected President with the help of God we will be in sight of the day when poverty will be abolished in these United states. God must have sabotaged him. And lest we forget in March 1930 this self same American fundamentalist said within 60 days everyone will be back to wo. He continued to feed the starving American Workers with similar statements until he found himself ﬂat on his Am erican fundamental principle at the foot of the White House steps.
His recent statement was read be fore the Callfbrnla Republican Assembly and enthusiastically cheered. Hoover never had a chance when he was president, sobbed the Republican chairman. Neither did the starving bonus marchers who were gassed and bayoneted at Washington. Today with the Roosevelt smile changing to a paralytic grimace, even Hoover hopes for a comeback. S Justice In Harlem An 18 year old Negro girl screamed when she saw a boy being beaten in Kress d: 10c store. She was arrested and taken before Magistrate Rinaud. This most learned and uprlght judge said he did not think she screamed with malicious intent but ﬁned her 10 or three days. t Harmless Substitutes All Yerba Mate is a harmless substitute for coffee and tea. With each package of Mate we will send you a copy of Goldman booklet From Communism to Socialism. Advertlsement in the Socialist Call. The Socialist Call itself sub stitutes turning the other cheek where real blows are required. It is the organ of the Militants lo the and is as paciﬁst in its atti»
fade to the hard boiled old Guard as the New leader, organ of the Old Guard. is militant in its attack on the Mlllcants. harmless substitute sums up the entire policy of the Militants and the Socialist Call, to say nothing of Goldman pamphlet.
Thomas Offers Olive Branch (Conﬁned from Page 1)
membership in the party; called upon the New York State Committee to accept the Declaration of Principles; reiterated the clause of the constitution permitting Yipsels 18 years or over to join the party; called for the reinstatement of the suspended Ylpsel organization on the basis of party discipline with out obllg lng them to support any particular party paper; called upOn the New Leader to pledge its allegiance to the Socialist Party of the and. if this is complied with, the will advise the sus pension of the Socialist Call. The Old Guard was given slx weeks in which to act on this decision.
Among other matters dealt with at the meeting was an endorsement of the reorganization of the Indiana state organization. The outerriﬁed radicals of the based this action on the precedent set by the Hillqult machine in expelling the Left in 1919! decision was made to propagate for a Farmer Labor Party though not taking immediate steps in its organization.
The ﬁve Buffalo party members who appealed to the against their expulsion were referred to the State Committee that is, to.
the body which directed their expulsion 1n the ﬁrst place.
SPEAKER: Max Shachtman THE CRISIS IN THE SOCIALIST PARTY Saturday, March 30, pm.
Labor Temple 14th St. 2nd Ave.